Children with language impairment have more difficulties understanding Theory of Mind compared to their peers

Theory of Mind problems have in the past mainly been attributed to children with autism, however it now seems that language in it self is a key aspect for understanding the minds of other people. The study by Kristine Kahr Nilsson and Kristine Jensen de López is published in Child Development.

Lagt online: 26.05.2016

This meta-analysis of 17 studies with 745 children between the ages of 4 and 12 found that children with SLI had substantially lower ToM performance compared to age-matched typically developing children (d = .98). This effect size was not moderated by age and gender. By revealing that children with SLI have ToM impairments, this finding emphasizes the need for further investigation into the developmental interface between language and ToM as well as the extended consequences of atypical language development.

Thes study is published in Child Development, January/February 2016, Volume 87:
Theory of Mind in Children With Specific Language Impairment: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Kristine Kahr Nilsson and Kristine Jensen de López

About the authors:

Kristine Kahr Nilsson

Kristine Jensen de López